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Palliative : Prevention/Treatment of Radiation Mucositis/Proctitis

Radiation proctitis is a known complication of radiation therapy for prostate cancer. Commercially available treatments are often ineffective and have focused on relieving symptoms after damage has occurred, although options exist for prevention.

A prospective, randomized, placebo-controlled, double-blinded trial concluded that misoprostol rectal suppositories significantly reduce acute and chronic radiation proctitis symptoms in patients receiving radiation therapy for prostate cancer.

Am J Gastroenterol 2000 Aug;95(8):1961-6
A prospective randomized placebo-controlled double-blinded pilot study of misoprostol rectal suppositories in the prevention of acute and chronic radiation proctitis symptoms in prostate cancer patients.

Khan AM, Birk JW, Anderson JC, Georgsson M, Park TL, Smith CJ, Comer GM.
Department of Radiation Oncology, State University of New York Hospital at Stony Brook, 11794-8173, USA.

Click here to access the PubMed abstract of this article.

Seven patients with radiation proctitis completed an open pilot study to evaluate the effectiveness of short chain fatty acid (SCFA) enemas. Four weeks of treatment resulted in clinical improvement in all patients, and modest changes in endoscopic and pathological parameters.

Am J Gastroenterol. 1996 Sep;91(9):1814-6
Evaluation of short-chain fatty acid enemas: treatment of radiation proctitis.

al-Sabbagh R, Sinicrope FA, Sellin JH, Shen Y, Roubein L.
Division of Gastroenterology, University of Texas Medical School, Houston, USA.

Click here to access the PubMed abstract of this article.

Topical sucralfate may induce a lasting remission in a majority of patients with moderate to severe rectal bleeding due to radiation proctosigmoiditis.

Dig Dis Sci 1999 May;44(5):973-8
Natural history of late radiation proctosigmoiditis treated with topical sucralfate suspension.

Kochhar R, Sriram PV, Sharma SC, Goel RC, Patel F
Department of Gastroenterology, Postgraduate Institute of Medical Education and Research, Chandigarh, India.

Click here to access the PubMed abstract of this article.

 
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